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Drs. Fine, Hoffman & Sims Opthalmologists in Eugene Oregon

Glaucoma

Symptoms of Glaucoma
Slow loss of peripheral, or side vision, and eventual blindness.

Chronic Glaucoma has NO warning symptoms in its early stages. In later stages, symptoms may include frequent mild headaches, especially upon waking; increased difficulty with night vision; recurring redness in one or both eyes, especially if accompanied by blurred vision and/or pain; a frequent change of eyeglass prescriptions; a noticeable loss of peripheral vision.


Normal Vision

Glaucoma

Causes
Your eye has pressure just like your blood, and when this intraocular pressure (IOP) increases to dangerous levels, it damages the optic nerve. This can result in decreased peripheral vision and, eventually, blindness. Glaucoma is similar to ocular hypertension but with accompanying optic nerve damage and vision loss.

Treatment Available
Glaucoma can be treated one of three ways:

Medications - Eyedrops and tablets are usually tried first to control the fluid pressure in the eye.

Laser Surgery - The laser creates tiny holes where the cornea and iris meet, in a procedure called trabeculoplasty to increase drainage.

Conventional Surgery - If medications and laser treatment fail to bring glaucoma under control, conventional glaucoma surgery to open a drainage channel will almost certainly be required.

More Information on Glaucoma:
The following articles are in PDF format.

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Commonly Asked Questions:
How do I find out if I have Glaucoma?

Early detection is crucial. Your doctor will perform a painless test to measure the fluid pressure and evaluate the retina and optic nerve. If the pressure is unusually high or if the optic nerve proves abnormal upon examination, your doctor will suggest you undergo a "visual fields" test to determine if any peripheral or side vision has been lost. Read more about the visual test here.

What are the risk factors for glaucoma?
Age
- adults past the age of 35 should visit an eye doctor every year.
Medical Disorders - such as Diabetes, extreme nearsightedness, and previous eye surgery
Ethnic Background - glaucoma is four times more common in African-Americans than in whites and among whites, groups at higher risk include people with Scandinavian, Irish and Russian backgrounds.
Family History - Like so many diseases, glaucoma tends to run in families.